Thursday, October 16, 2014

Cyclones_ Factfile


Cyclones - Factfile

                

What is a Cyclone?
The word cyclone has been derived from Greek word ‘cyclos’ which means ‘coiling of a snake’. The word cyclone was coined by Heary Piddington who worked as a Rapporteur in Kolkata during British rule. The terms “hurricane” and “typhoon” are region specific names for a strong “tropical cyclone”. Tropical cyclones are called “Hurricanes” over the Atlantic Ocean and “Typhoons” over the Pacific Ocean. 

A tropical cyclone is a rotational low pressure system in tropics when the central pressure falls by 5 to 6 hPa from the surrounding and maximum sustained wind speed reaches 34 knots (about 62 kmph). It is a vast violent whirl of 150 to 800 km, spiraling around a centre and progressing along the surface of the sea at a rate of 300 to 500 km a day.

Cyclone Prone Areas in India
India has a coastline of about 7,516 km of which 5,400 km is along the mainland. The entire coast is affected by cyclones with varying frequency and intensity. Although the North Indian Ocean (the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea) generates only about 7% of the world's cyclones (5 to 6 Tropical Cyclones per year) their impact is comparatively high and devastating, especially when they strike the coasts bordering the North Bay of Bengal.

Thirteen coastal states and Union Territories (UTs) in the country are affected by tropical cyclones. Four states (Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal) and one UT (Puducherry) on the east coast and one state (Gujarat) on the west coast are more vulnerable to cyclone hazards.

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is the nodal government agency that provides weather services related to cyclones in India.

Classification of Cyclones in India: 
The criteria followed by Meteorological Department of India (IMD) to classify the low pressure systems in the Bay of Bengal and in the Arabian Sea as adopted by World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) are as under: 

Type of Disturbances

Associated Wind Speed in the Circulation

Low pressure Area

Less than17 knots (<31 kmph)

Depression

17 to 27 knots (31 to 49 kmph)

Deep Depression

28 to 33 knots (50 to 61 kmph)

Cyclonic Storm

34 to 47 knots (62 to 88 kmph)

Severe Cyclonic Storm

48 to 63 knots (89 to 118 kmph)

Very Severe Cyclonic Storm

64 to 119 knots (119 to 221 kmph)

Super Cyclonic Storm

120 knots and above (222 kmph and above)

Recent Cyclones of Andhra Pradesh

Name of the Cyclone

Year of Occurrence

Hudhud

12 October 2014

Lehar

25 November 2013

Helen

21 November 2013

Nilam

October 2012

Laila

May 2010

Khai-Muk

November 2008

Yemyin

June 2007

The recent deadly cyclones that hit Indian coast
Cyclone Phailin (2013) – The Cyclone Phailin is a category 5 storm that struck the Odisha and Andhra coast on 11 October 2013 causing massive destruction in the region- affecting 12 million people. Phailin is a Thai word which means Sapphire. This cyclone prompted India's biggest evacuation in 23 years with more than 5,50,000 people being moved from the coastline in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh to safer shelters. Phailin brought very heavy rain of over 600 mm at many stations of Odisha. It also damaged crops worth Rs 2,400 crore and claimed over 40 lives. Loses due to Cyclone Phailin were estimated to be around rupees 420 crore.

Cyclone Nilam (2012) - Cyclonic Storm Nilam was the deadliest tropical cyclone to directly affect south India that made landfall near Mahabalipuram on October 31 as a strong cyclonic storm with peak winds of 85 kmph. Nilam caused economic losses of around Rs 100 crore because of torrential rain. 

Cyclone Thane (2011) - Thane was the strongest tropical cyclone of 2011 that became a very severe cyclonic storm on December 28, as it approached the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and made landfall at north Tamil Nadu coast between Cuddalore and Puducherry on December 30. Thane left at least 46 people dead in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. Cuddalore and Puducherry were the worst affected areas. 

Cyclone Laila (2010) - Severe cyclonic storm Laila made a landfall in Andhra Pradesh on the 20 May 2010 and caused major flooding and damage along its path. Ongole in Andhra Pradesh recorded heavy rainfall of about 460 mm in just two days. Another town Addanki received the highest rainfall of 522 mm. The state government faced a loss of over Rs 500 crore due to Cyclone Laila.

Cyclone Jal (2010) - Cyclone Jal killed at least 54 people in India alone. About 300 thousand hectares of cropland was devastated by the cyclone. The remnants of Jal continued to move northwest, brought light to moderate spells of rain in India's warmest state of Rajasthan and also in Gujarat.

Cyclone Phyan (2009) - Cyclonic Storm Phyan developed as a tropical disturbance in the Arabian Sea to the southwest of Colombo in Sri Lanka on November 4, 2009 and made landfall in south India on November 7. Massive damage to property was reported in coastal districts of Maharashtra, such as Ratnagiri, Raigad, Sindhudurg, Thane and Palghar.

Cyclone Nisha (2008) - Over 180 people were killed in Tamil Nadu alone due to heavy rain and floods caused by the cyclone. Orathanadu, in Thanjavur District in Tamil Nadu received over 990 mm of rain within 24 hours. The total amount of rainfall received from Nisha was about 1280 mm. The damage caused by the cyclone was estimated to be about 3789 crores.

The 30 Deadliest Tropical Cyclones in World History

Rank

Name / Areas of Largest Loss

Year

Ocean Area

Deaths

1.

Great Bhola Cyclone, Bangladesh

1970

Bay of Bengal

500,000

2.

Hooghly River Cyclone, India and Bangladesh

1737

Bay of Bengal

300,000

3.

Haiphong Typhoon, Vietnam

1881

West Pacific

300,000

3.

Coringa, India

1839

Bay of Bengal

300,000

5.

Backerganj Cyclone, Bangladesh

1584

Bay of Bengal

200,000

6.

Great Backerganj Cyclone, Bangladesh

1876

Bay of Bengal

200,000

7.

Chittagong, Bangladesh

1897

Bay of Bengal

175,000

8.

Super Typhoon Nina, China

1975

West Pacific

171,000

9.

Cyclone 02B, Bangladesh

1991

Bay of Bengal

140,000

9.

Cyclone Nargis, Myanmar

2008

Bay of Bengal

140,000

11.

Great Bombay Cyclone, India

1882

Arabian Sea

100,000

12.

Hakata Bay Typhoon, Japan

1281

West Pacific

65,000

13.

Calcutta, India

1864

Bay of Bengal

60,000

14.

Swatlow, China

1922

West Pacific

60,000

15.

Barisal, Bangladesh

1822

Bay of Bengal

50,000

15.

Sunderbans coast, Bangladesh

1699

Bay of Bengal

50,000

15.

India

1833

Bay of Bengal

50,000

15.

India

1854

Bay of Bengal

50,000

19.

Bengal Cyclone, Calcutta, India

1942

Bay of Bengal

40,000

19.

Bangladesh

1912

Bay of Bengal

40,000

19.

Bangladesh

1919

Bay of Bengal

40,000

22.

Canton, China

1862

West Pacific

37,000

23.

Backerganj (Barisal), Bangladesh

1767

Bay of Bengal

30,000

24.

Barisal, Bangladesh

1831

Bay of Bengal

22,000

25.

Great Hurricane, Lesser Antilles Islands

1780

Atlantic

22,000

26.

Devi Taluk, SE India

1977

Bay of Bengal

20,000

26.

Great Coringa Cyclone, India

1789

Bay of Bengal

20,000

28.

Bangladesh

1965 (11 May)

Bay of Bengal

19,279

29.

Nagasaki Typhoon, Japan

1828

Western Pacific

15,000

30.

Bangladesh

1965 (31 May)

Bay of Bengal

12,000

Wednesday, October 15, 2014

Family Welfare


How many  teaching hospitals are there in AP?
1)10
2)9
3)8
4)7

Question :
Which department in AP provides maternal health care,  child health care and family welfare services?

1)family welfare
2)panchayath raj
3)child care
4)all the above

Family Welfare :

+Family Welfare Department provides maternal health care, child health care and family welfare services

through

7,617 Sub-Centres,
1,040 Primary Health Centres,
176 Community Health Centres,
31 Area Hospitals,
9 District Hospitals,
6 Mother and Child Care hospitals
and 10 Teaching hospitals.

There are 73 Urban Family Welfare Centres, and 185 Urban Health Centres in Urban Areas of the State

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Some popular posts of my blog

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MOM SUCCESSFUL

India created history on Wednesday, becoming the first country to successfully get a
spacecraft into the Martian orbit on its maiden attempt.
Indian Space Research Organisation's Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) spacecraft started orbiting the red planet at
7.47am, but it was only 12 minutes later —because of a time delay in radio signals travelling the 680 million km --
that scientists at Isro Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network in Bangalore, could erupt in joy as Prime Minister
Narendra Modi stood a happy witness.
Mars Orbiter Mission: Timeline
For most of the time the main engine was firing — 20 of the 24 crucial minutes — MOM was hiding behind Mars,
adding to the suspense.
The scientists had waited for more than 300 days as MOM journeyed on through space, but the last 54 minutes were
virtually unbearable. For, it was during this period that the orbiter first reoriented itself and then fired its engine and
thrusters for about 24 minutes to get into the Mars orbit.
For all the action at the ground station, there was not much the scientists had to do. More than 10 days ago, they
had uplinked all the commands for the manoeuvres to the spacecraft. MOM, like an obedient child, carried them out
perfectly.

Monday, July 28, 2014

First Persons to be ... in Indian history.

భారతదేశ చరిత్ర - మొట్టమొదటి వ్యక్తులు

* సున్నాను ఒక సంఖ్యగా పరిగణించిన మొట్టమొదటి గణిత శాస్త్రవేత్త--బ్రహ్మగుప్తుడు
* హృదయ మార్పిడి చేసిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయ వైద్యుడు--డా. వి.వేణుగోపాల్
* భారతదేశ చరిత్రలో తండ్రిని చంపి అధికారంలోకి వచ్చిన మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--అజాతశతృవు
* జైనులలో మొట్టమొదటి తీర్థంకరుడు--వృషభనాథుడు
* భారత్ లో మొట్టమొదటి సామ్రాజ్య నిర్మాత--మహాపద్మ నందుడు
* నంద వంశపు రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--మహాపద్మ నందుడు
* శిశునాగ వంశపు రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--శిశునాగుడు
* కుషాన్ రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--మొదటి కాడ్‌పైనస్
* మౌర్య సామ్రాజ్యపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--చంద్రగుప్త మౌర్యుడు
* వేంగీ చాళుక్య మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--కుబ్జ విష్ణువర్థనుడు
* కళ్యాణి చాళుక్య మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--తైలపుడు
* బాదామి చాళుక్య మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--మొదటి పులకేశి
* నవీన పల్లవ రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--సింహవిష్ణువు
* చోళవంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--విజయాలయ చోళుడు
* చౌహాన్ రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--విశాలదేవ
* ప్రతీహార వంశ మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--నాగబట్టుడు
* కాణ్వా వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--వాసుదేవ కాణ్వ
* రాష్ట్రకూట రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--దంతిదుర్గుడు
* ఇక్ష్వాకులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--క్షాంతమూలుడు
* పుష్యబూతి వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--ప్రభాకర వర్థనుడు
* భారత్ - చైనా ల మద్య దౌత్య సంబంధాలను ప్రారంభించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారత పాలకుడు--హర్ష వర్థనుడు
* శాలంకాయనులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--విజయదేవ వర్మ
* దక్షిణ భారతదేశంలో రాజ్యాన్ని ఏలిన మొట్టమొదటి మహిళ--రుద్రమదేవి
* సేవ వంశపు రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--విజయాలయ సేన
* శుంగ వంశపు రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--పుష్యమిత్ర శుంగుడు
* శాతవాహన రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--శ్రీముఖుడు
* కాకతీయ రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--మొదటి బేతరాజు
* రెడ్డి రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--ప్రోలయ వేమారెడ్డి
* విజయనగర సామ్రాజ్యపు సంగమ వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--హరిహర రాయలు
* విజయనగర సామ్రాజ్యపు సాళ్వ వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--సాళ్వ నరసింహ రాయలు
* విజయనగర సామ్రాజ్యపు తుళ్వ వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--వీర నరసింహ రాయలు
* విజయనగర సామ్రాజ్యపు ఆర్వీటి వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--తిరుమల రాయలు
* మరాఠా రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--శివాజీ
* పీష్వా లలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--బాలాజీ విశ్వనాథ్

* జాతీయోద్యమం

* స్వరాజ్ పదాన్ని ఉపయోగించిన మొట్టమొదటి బారతీయుడు--దయానంద సరస్వతి
* జాతీయ డిమాండు గా స్వరాజ్య ను ఉద్ఘాటించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--బాల గంగాధర తిలక్
* వ్యక్తిగత సత్యాగ్రహం చేసి అరెస్టు అయిన మొట్టమొదటి సత్యాగ్రహి--వినోభా భావే
* భారత్ లో కార్మిక ఉద్యమాన్ని నడిపిన మొట్టమొదటి నాయకుడు--ఎన్.ఎం.లొఖండే
* ఆలిండియా ట్రేడ్ యూనియన్ కాంగ్రెస్ సమావేశానికి అద్యక్షత వహించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--లాలా లజపతి తాయ్
* రాయల్ సొసైటీ లో సభ్యత్వం పొందిన మొట్టమొదటి బారతీయుడు--జగదీశ్ చంద్ర బోస్
* బారత దేశపు మొట్టమొదటి బారతీయ గవర్నర్ జనరల్--సి. రాజగోపాలాచారి
* బ్రిటీష్ పార్లమెంటు సబ్యుడైన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--దాదా భాయి నౌరోజీ
* రాయల్ సొసైటీ సభ్యత్వం పొందిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--శ్రీనివాసన్ రామానుజమ్
* మన దేశానికి ప్రత్యేక రాజ్యాంగంఉండాలనే భావనను ప్రతిపాదించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--యం.ఎన్.రాయ్
* వైశ్రాయి ఎగ్జిక్యూటివ్ కౌన్సిల్ లో సభ్యుడైన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--సత్యేంద్ర-పి-సిన్హా

* శాస్త్ర, సాంకేతిక రంగాలు

* సున్నాను ఒక సంఖ్యగా పరిగణించిన మొట్టమొదటి గణిత శాస్త్రవేత్త--బ్రహ్మగుప్తుడు
* హృదయ మార్పిడి చేసిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయ వైద్యుడు--డా. వి.వేణుగోపాల్

* ఇతరములు

* అంతరిక్షం లోకి వెళ్ళిన మొట్టమొదటి బారతీయుడు--రాకేష్ శర్మ
* బారత దేశపు మొట్టమొదటి కవి--వాల్మీకి
* బారత దేశపు మొట్టమొదటి ఆర్థిక సంఘం అద్యక్షుడు--కే.సి. నియోగి
* సాహిత్య అకాడమీ మొట్టమొదటి అద్యక్షుడు--జవహార్ లాల్ నెహ్రూ
* ఐక్యరాజ్య సమితి సాధారణ సభలో హిందీలో ప్రసంగించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--అటల్ బిహారీ వాజపేయి
* ఐక్యరాజ్య సమితి సాధారణ సభ కు అద్యక్షత వహించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయ వ్యక్తి--విజయలక్ష్మీ పండిత్
* యునెస్కో సమావేశంలో సంగీతం వినిపించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--రవిశంకర్
* బ్రిటన్ లో ఒక విశ్వవిద్యాలయానికి ఛాన్సలర్ గా ఎన్నికైన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--స్వరాజ్ పాల్
* ఇండియన్ ఎయిర్ లైన్స్ మొట్టమొదటి మహిళా పైలెట్--దుర్గా బెనర్జీ
* భారత దేశపు మొట్టమొదటి మహిలా రైల్వే డ్రైవర్--సురేఖా యాదవ్
* లేబర్ కమీషన్ మొట్టమొదటి అద్యక్షుడు--గజేంద్ర గడ్గర్
* మహిళా విశ్వవిద్యాలయం ను స్థాపించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--డి.కే. కార్వే
* మొట్టమొదటి భారతదేశపు అంధ పార్లమెంటు సభ్యుడు--జమునా ప్రసాద్ శాస్త్రి
* బుకర్ ప్రైజ్ గెల్చిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయ మహిళ--అరుంధతీ రాయ్

Thursday, July 10, 2014

INDIAN ECONOMIC SURVEY 2013-14 - Highlights

Economic Survey of India 2013-14: Highlights

 09-JUL-2014
 4Google +2
Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitely on 9 July 2014 presented Economic Survey of India 2013-14 in the Lok Sabha. This was the first economic survey of the new government led by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi.
India’s economy in financial year 2014-15 is expected to grow in the range of 5.4 – 5.9 percent overcoming sub-5 percent growth. The Survey listed certain risk factors for the growth and they are poor monsoon, the external environment and the poor investment climate.

The Economic Survey is presented every year, just before the Union Budget and after the Railway Budget. It is an annual document of the Union Ministry of Finance, Government of India and it reviews the developments in the Indian economy of previous 12 months (fiscal year).  

It summarizes the performance on major development programmes, and highlights the policy initiatives of the government and the prospects of the economy in the short to medium term.


Highlights
• Economy to grow in the range of 5.4 – 5.9 per cent in 2014-15 overcoming sub-5 percent growth.
• Growth slowdown was broad based, affecting in particular the industry sector.
• Aided by favourable monsoons, agricultural and allied sector registered a growth of 4.7 per cent in 2013-14.
• Industry and Service sectors also witnessed slowdown.
• Reforms needed for long term-growth prospects on 3 fronts- low and stable inflation regime, tax and expenditure reform and regulatory framework.
• Survey suggests removal of restriction on farmers to buy, sell and store their produce to customers across the country and the world.
• Rationalisation of subsidies on inputs such as fertilizer and food is essential.
• Government needs to eventually move towards income support for farmers and poor households.
• The fiscal policy for 2013-14 was calibrated with two-fold objectives; first, to aid growth revival; and second, to reach the FD level targeted for 2013-14.
• The Budget for 2013-14 followed the policy of revenue augmentation and expenditure rationalization to contain government spending within sustainable limits.
• The fiscal outcome of the central government in 2013-14 was achieved despite the macroeconomic challenges of growth slowdown, elevated levels of global crude oil prices, and slow growth of investment.
• High inflation, particularly food inflation, was the result of structural as well as seasonal factors.
• IMF projects most global commodity prices are expected to remain flat during 2014-15.
• The RBI with a view to restoring stability to the foreign exchange market hiked short term interest rate in July and compressed domestic money market liquidity.
• RBI has indentified five sectors -- infrastructure, iron and steel, textiles, aviation and mining as the stressed sectors.
• Public sector banks (PSBs) have high exposures to the ‘industry’ sector in general and to such ‘stressed’ sectors in particular.
• The New Pension System (NPS), now National Pension System, introduced for the new recruits who join government service on or after January 2004, represents a major reform of Indian pension arrangements.
• The next wave of infrastructure financing will require a capable bond market.
• The India’s balance-of-payments position improved dramatically in 2013-14 with current account deficit at US $ 32.4 billion as against US$ 88.2 billion in 2012-13.
• India’s foreign exchange reserves increased from US$ 292.0 billion at end March 2013 to US$ 304.2 billion at end march 2014.
• India’s external debt has remained within manageable limits due to the external debt management policy with prudential restrictions on debt varieties of capital inflows.
• World trade volume which decelerated to 2.8 per cent in 2012 has shown signs of recovery in 2013, albeit slow with a 3.0 per cent growth. 
• The sharp fall in imports and moderate export growth in 2013-14 resulted in a sharp fall in India`s trade deficit by 27.8 per cent.
• In April-May 2014, trade deficit declined by 42.4 per cent.
• Record food grains and oilseeds production of 264.4 million tonnes (mt) and 32.4 mt is estimated in 2013-14.
• Horticulture production estimated at 265 mt in 2012-13 has exceeded the production of foodgrains and oilseeds for the first time.
• Due to higher procurement, stocks of foodgrains in the Central Pool have increased to 69.84 million tonnes as on June 1, 2014.
• The net availability of foodgrains increased to 229.1 million tonnes and that of edible oils to 12.7 kg per year in 2013.
• The latest gross domestic product (GDP) estimates show that industry grew by just 1.0 per cent in 2012-13 and slowed further in 2013-14, posting a modest increase of 0.4 per cent.
• India ranked 12th in terms of services GDP in 2012 among the world’s top 15 countries in terms of GDP (at current prices).
• India has the second fastest growing services sector with its CAGR at 9.0 per cent, just below China’s 10.9 per cent, during 2001 to 2012.
• In 2013-14, FDI inflows to the services sector (top five sectors including construction) declined sharply by 37.6 per cent to US$ 6.4 billion compared to an overall growth in FDI inflows at 6.1 per cent resulting in the share of the top five services in total FDI falling to nearly one-sixth.
• Major sector-wise performance of core industries and infrastructure services during 2013-14 shows a mixed trend. While the growth in production of power and fertilizers was comparatively higher than in 2012-13, coal, steel, cement, and refinery production posted comparatively lower growth. Crude oil and natural gas production declined during 2013-14.
• The performance of the coal sector in the first two years of the Twelfth Plan has been subdued with domestic production at 556 MT in 2012-13 and 566 MT in 2013-14.
• A total length of 21,787 km of national highways has been completed till March 2014 under various phases of the NHDP. In spite of several constraints due to the economic downturn, the NHAI constructed 2844 km length in 2012-13, its highest ever annual achievement. During 2013-14 a total of 1901 km of road construction was completed. 
• From the infrastructure development perspective, while important issues like delays in regulatory approvals, problems in land acquisition & rehabilitation, environmental clearances, etc. need immediate attention, time overruns in the implementation of projects continue to be one of the main reasons for underachievement in many of the infrastructure sectors.
• Human- induced Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are growing and are chiefly responsible for climate change.
• The world is not on track for limiting increase in global average temperature to below 2◦C, above pre-industrial levels. GHG emissions grew on average 2.2 per cent per year between 2000 and 2010, compared to 1.3 per cent per year between 1970 and 2000.
• There is immense pressure on governments to act through two new agreements on climate change and sustainable development, both of which will be global frameworks for action to be finalized next year.
• The cumulative costs of India’s low carbon strategies have been estimated at around USD 834 billion at 2011 prices, between 2010 and 2030.
• According to HDR 2013, India has slipped down in HDI with its overall global ranking at 136 (out of the 186 countries) as against 134 (out of 187 countries) as per HDR 2012. It is still in the medium human development category.
• The poverty ratio (based on the MPCE of 816 for rural areas and 1000 for urban areas in 2011-12 at all India level), has declined from 37.2 per cent in 2004-05 to 21.9 per cent in 2011-12.
• In absolute terms, the number of poor declined from 407.1 million in 2004-05 to 269.3 million in 2011-12 with an average annual decline of 2.2 percentage points during 2004-05 to 2011-12.
• During 2004-05 to 2011-12, employment growth [CAGR] was only 0.5 per cent, compared to 2.8 per cent during 1999-2000 to 2004-05 as per usual status.
Source: PIB

Wednesday, July 2, 2014

President of India

President

Shri Pranab Mukherjee
Shri Pranab Mukherjee assumed office as the 13th President of India on July 25, 2012, crowning a political career of over five decades of exemplary service to the nation in Government as well as Parliament.
Date of Birth: December 11, 1935
Educational Qualifications:
M.A. (History),
M.A. (Political Science),
LL.B., D. Litt. (Honoris Causa),
Educated at Vidyasagar College
Present Address:
Rashtrapati Bhavan,
New Delhi-110 004,
Tel. (011) 23015321
Contact Details:
The President's Secretariat
Rashtrapati Bhavan,
New Delhi,110 004.
Phone: 011-23015321
Fax : 011-23017290/011-23017824