Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Some popular posts of my blog

Popular Posts

some reference books for appsc group1 and group2.

Ubaid Baig > APPSC Group1 & Group2 Aspirants APPSC GROUP-1 STUDY MATERIAL AND REFERENCE BOOKS APPSC Group-1 Prelims Syllabus 1. ...

GROUP2 STUDY MATERIAL(BOOKS) FOR TELUGU MEDIUM SUDENTS::

Most of the aspirants are giving preference to these books especially for TM students. paper1: current affairs - some magazines like vijet...

how much salary will u get ( if u crack appsc group2)

basic pay : ASSIST COMMERCIAL TAX OFFICER, ASSISTANT LABOUR OFFICER, EXECUTIVE OFFICER GRADE 1 IN ENDOWMENT : 14860 TO 39540 DEPUTY TAHS...

6 ZONES IN ANDHRA PRADESH

Details of Zones: Each of the following Zones comprises of the following districts. 1. Zone I: Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and 2. Zone II:...

ENGLISH MEDIUM VRO VRA BOOKS TO REFER.:

FOR ENGLISH MEDIUM STUDENTS : Actually there are no particular book is there for VRO VRA. But I can suggest some other books which are usefu...

APPSC : LIST OF SERVICES UNDER GROUP1, GROUP2, GROUP3, GROUP4, AND TECHNICAL.

APPSC List of Services:: Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission (APPSC) List of Services:: The APPSC conducts examinations for dir...

PANCHAYATH SECRETARY DISTRICT,CATEGORY WISE POSTS

Paper-1: GENERAL STUDIES 1. Events of National and International importance. 2. Current affairs – International, National and Regional...

VRO VRA REFERENCE BOOKS..

Complete guides : Vijetha Competipns guide for VRO VRA jobs, VGS Publications, Udyoga Sopanam . Other Individual Books : o))))) Udy...

Syllabus for the Paper 2 of Panchayat Secretary Notification(guessing)

As the notification for the post of Panchayat Secretary is out, many of the aspirants are worrying about the Syllabus for both paper 1 as we...

Penchant Secretary Exam- Know Your Hall Ticket Details

MOM SUCCESSFUL

India created history on Wednesday, becoming the first country to successfully get a
spacecraft into the Martian orbit on its maiden attempt.
Indian Space Research Organisation's Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) spacecraft started orbiting the red planet at
7.47am, but it was only 12 minutes later —because of a time delay in radio signals travelling the 680 million km --
that scientists at Isro Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network in Bangalore, could erupt in joy as Prime Minister
Narendra Modi stood a happy witness.
Mars Orbiter Mission: Timeline
For most of the time the main engine was firing — 20 of the 24 crucial minutes — MOM was hiding behind Mars,
adding to the suspense.
The scientists had waited for more than 300 days as MOM journeyed on through space, but the last 54 minutes were
virtually unbearable. For, it was during this period that the orbiter first reoriented itself and then fired its engine and
thrusters for about 24 minutes to get into the Mars orbit.
For all the action at the ground station, there was not much the scientists had to do. More than 10 days ago, they
had uplinked all the commands for the manoeuvres to the spacecraft. MOM, like an obedient child, carried them out
perfectly.

Monday, July 28, 2014

First Persons to be ... in Indian history.

భారతదేశ చరిత్ర - మొట్టమొదటి వ్యక్తులు

* సున్నాను ఒక సంఖ్యగా పరిగణించిన మొట్టమొదటి గణిత శాస్త్రవేత్త--బ్రహ్మగుప్తుడు
* హృదయ మార్పిడి చేసిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయ వైద్యుడు--డా. వి.వేణుగోపాల్
* భారతదేశ చరిత్రలో తండ్రిని చంపి అధికారంలోకి వచ్చిన మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--అజాతశతృవు
* జైనులలో మొట్టమొదటి తీర్థంకరుడు--వృషభనాథుడు
* భారత్ లో మొట్టమొదటి సామ్రాజ్య నిర్మాత--మహాపద్మ నందుడు
* నంద వంశపు రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--మహాపద్మ నందుడు
* శిశునాగ వంశపు రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--శిశునాగుడు
* కుషాన్ రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--మొదటి కాడ్‌పైనస్
* మౌర్య సామ్రాజ్యపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--చంద్రగుప్త మౌర్యుడు
* వేంగీ చాళుక్య మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--కుబ్జ విష్ణువర్థనుడు
* కళ్యాణి చాళుక్య మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--తైలపుడు
* బాదామి చాళుక్య మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--మొదటి పులకేశి
* నవీన పల్లవ రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--సింహవిష్ణువు
* చోళవంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--విజయాలయ చోళుడు
* చౌహాన్ రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--విశాలదేవ
* ప్రతీహార వంశ మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--నాగబట్టుడు
* కాణ్వా వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--వాసుదేవ కాణ్వ
* రాష్ట్రకూట రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--దంతిదుర్గుడు
* ఇక్ష్వాకులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--క్షాంతమూలుడు
* పుష్యబూతి వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--ప్రభాకర వర్థనుడు
* భారత్ - చైనా ల మద్య దౌత్య సంబంధాలను ప్రారంభించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారత పాలకుడు--హర్ష వర్థనుడు
* శాలంకాయనులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--విజయదేవ వర్మ
* దక్షిణ భారతదేశంలో రాజ్యాన్ని ఏలిన మొట్టమొదటి మహిళ--రుద్రమదేవి
* సేవ వంశపు రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--విజయాలయ సేన
* శుంగ వంశపు రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--పుష్యమిత్ర శుంగుడు
* శాతవాహన రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--శ్రీముఖుడు
* కాకతీయ రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--మొదటి బేతరాజు
* రెడ్డి రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--ప్రోలయ వేమారెడ్డి
* విజయనగర సామ్రాజ్యపు సంగమ వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--హరిహర రాయలు
* విజయనగర సామ్రాజ్యపు సాళ్వ వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--సాళ్వ నరసింహ రాయలు
* విజయనగర సామ్రాజ్యపు తుళ్వ వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--వీర నరసింహ రాయలు
* విజయనగర సామ్రాజ్యపు ఆర్వీటి వంశపు మొట్టమొదటి రాజు--తిరుమల రాయలు
* మరాఠా రాజులలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--శివాజీ
* పీష్వా లలో మొట్టమొదటి పాలకుడు--బాలాజీ విశ్వనాథ్

* జాతీయోద్యమం

* స్వరాజ్ పదాన్ని ఉపయోగించిన మొట్టమొదటి బారతీయుడు--దయానంద సరస్వతి
* జాతీయ డిమాండు గా స్వరాజ్య ను ఉద్ఘాటించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--బాల గంగాధర తిలక్
* వ్యక్తిగత సత్యాగ్రహం చేసి అరెస్టు అయిన మొట్టమొదటి సత్యాగ్రహి--వినోభా భావే
* భారత్ లో కార్మిక ఉద్యమాన్ని నడిపిన మొట్టమొదటి నాయకుడు--ఎన్.ఎం.లొఖండే
* ఆలిండియా ట్రేడ్ యూనియన్ కాంగ్రెస్ సమావేశానికి అద్యక్షత వహించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--లాలా లజపతి తాయ్
* రాయల్ సొసైటీ లో సభ్యత్వం పొందిన మొట్టమొదటి బారతీయుడు--జగదీశ్ చంద్ర బోస్
* బారత దేశపు మొట్టమొదటి బారతీయ గవర్నర్ జనరల్--సి. రాజగోపాలాచారి
* బ్రిటీష్ పార్లమెంటు సబ్యుడైన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--దాదా భాయి నౌరోజీ
* రాయల్ సొసైటీ సభ్యత్వం పొందిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--శ్రీనివాసన్ రామానుజమ్
* మన దేశానికి ప్రత్యేక రాజ్యాంగంఉండాలనే భావనను ప్రతిపాదించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--యం.ఎన్.రాయ్
* వైశ్రాయి ఎగ్జిక్యూటివ్ కౌన్సిల్ లో సభ్యుడైన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--సత్యేంద్ర-పి-సిన్హా

* శాస్త్ర, సాంకేతిక రంగాలు

* సున్నాను ఒక సంఖ్యగా పరిగణించిన మొట్టమొదటి గణిత శాస్త్రవేత్త--బ్రహ్మగుప్తుడు
* హృదయ మార్పిడి చేసిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయ వైద్యుడు--డా. వి.వేణుగోపాల్

* ఇతరములు

* అంతరిక్షం లోకి వెళ్ళిన మొట్టమొదటి బారతీయుడు--రాకేష్ శర్మ
* బారత దేశపు మొట్టమొదటి కవి--వాల్మీకి
* బారత దేశపు మొట్టమొదటి ఆర్థిక సంఘం అద్యక్షుడు--కే.సి. నియోగి
* సాహిత్య అకాడమీ మొట్టమొదటి అద్యక్షుడు--జవహార్ లాల్ నెహ్రూ
* ఐక్యరాజ్య సమితి సాధారణ సభలో హిందీలో ప్రసంగించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--అటల్ బిహారీ వాజపేయి
* ఐక్యరాజ్య సమితి సాధారణ సభ కు అద్యక్షత వహించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయ వ్యక్తి--విజయలక్ష్మీ పండిత్
* యునెస్కో సమావేశంలో సంగీతం వినిపించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--రవిశంకర్
* బ్రిటన్ లో ఒక విశ్వవిద్యాలయానికి ఛాన్సలర్ గా ఎన్నికైన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--స్వరాజ్ పాల్
* ఇండియన్ ఎయిర్ లైన్స్ మొట్టమొదటి మహిళా పైలెట్--దుర్గా బెనర్జీ
* భారత దేశపు మొట్టమొదటి మహిలా రైల్వే డ్రైవర్--సురేఖా యాదవ్
* లేబర్ కమీషన్ మొట్టమొదటి అద్యక్షుడు--గజేంద్ర గడ్గర్
* మహిళా విశ్వవిద్యాలయం ను స్థాపించిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయుడు--డి.కే. కార్వే
* మొట్టమొదటి భారతదేశపు అంధ పార్లమెంటు సభ్యుడు--జమునా ప్రసాద్ శాస్త్రి
* బుకర్ ప్రైజ్ గెల్చిన మొట్టమొదటి భారతీయ మహిళ--అరుంధతీ రాయ్

Thursday, July 10, 2014

INDIAN ECONOMIC SURVEY 2013-14 - Highlights

Economic Survey of India 2013-14: Highlights

 09-JUL-2014
 4Google +2
Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitely on 9 July 2014 presented Economic Survey of India 2013-14 in the Lok Sabha. This was the first economic survey of the new government led by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi.
India’s economy in financial year 2014-15 is expected to grow in the range of 5.4 – 5.9 percent overcoming sub-5 percent growth. The Survey listed certain risk factors for the growth and they are poor monsoon, the external environment and the poor investment climate.

The Economic Survey is presented every year, just before the Union Budget and after the Railway Budget. It is an annual document of the Union Ministry of Finance, Government of India and it reviews the developments in the Indian economy of previous 12 months (fiscal year).  

It summarizes the performance on major development programmes, and highlights the policy initiatives of the government and the prospects of the economy in the short to medium term.


Highlights
• Economy to grow in the range of 5.4 – 5.9 per cent in 2014-15 overcoming sub-5 percent growth.
• Growth slowdown was broad based, affecting in particular the industry sector.
• Aided by favourable monsoons, agricultural and allied sector registered a growth of 4.7 per cent in 2013-14.
• Industry and Service sectors also witnessed slowdown.
• Reforms needed for long term-growth prospects on 3 fronts- low and stable inflation regime, tax and expenditure reform and regulatory framework.
• Survey suggests removal of restriction on farmers to buy, sell and store their produce to customers across the country and the world.
• Rationalisation of subsidies on inputs such as fertilizer and food is essential.
• Government needs to eventually move towards income support for farmers and poor households.
• The fiscal policy for 2013-14 was calibrated with two-fold objectives; first, to aid growth revival; and second, to reach the FD level targeted for 2013-14.
• The Budget for 2013-14 followed the policy of revenue augmentation and expenditure rationalization to contain government spending within sustainable limits.
• The fiscal outcome of the central government in 2013-14 was achieved despite the macroeconomic challenges of growth slowdown, elevated levels of global crude oil prices, and slow growth of investment.
• High inflation, particularly food inflation, was the result of structural as well as seasonal factors.
• IMF projects most global commodity prices are expected to remain flat during 2014-15.
• The RBI with a view to restoring stability to the foreign exchange market hiked short term interest rate in July and compressed domestic money market liquidity.
• RBI has indentified five sectors -- infrastructure, iron and steel, textiles, aviation and mining as the stressed sectors.
• Public sector banks (PSBs) have high exposures to the ‘industry’ sector in general and to such ‘stressed’ sectors in particular.
• The New Pension System (NPS), now National Pension System, introduced for the new recruits who join government service on or after January 2004, represents a major reform of Indian pension arrangements.
• The next wave of infrastructure financing will require a capable bond market.
• The India’s balance-of-payments position improved dramatically in 2013-14 with current account deficit at US $ 32.4 billion as against US$ 88.2 billion in 2012-13.
• India’s foreign exchange reserves increased from US$ 292.0 billion at end March 2013 to US$ 304.2 billion at end march 2014.
• India’s external debt has remained within manageable limits due to the external debt management policy with prudential restrictions on debt varieties of capital inflows.
• World trade volume which decelerated to 2.8 per cent in 2012 has shown signs of recovery in 2013, albeit slow with a 3.0 per cent growth. 
• The sharp fall in imports and moderate export growth in 2013-14 resulted in a sharp fall in India`s trade deficit by 27.8 per cent.
• In April-May 2014, trade deficit declined by 42.4 per cent.
• Record food grains and oilseeds production of 264.4 million tonnes (mt) and 32.4 mt is estimated in 2013-14.
• Horticulture production estimated at 265 mt in 2012-13 has exceeded the production of foodgrains and oilseeds for the first time.
• Due to higher procurement, stocks of foodgrains in the Central Pool have increased to 69.84 million tonnes as on June 1, 2014.
• The net availability of foodgrains increased to 229.1 million tonnes and that of edible oils to 12.7 kg per year in 2013.
• The latest gross domestic product (GDP) estimates show that industry grew by just 1.0 per cent in 2012-13 and slowed further in 2013-14, posting a modest increase of 0.4 per cent.
• India ranked 12th in terms of services GDP in 2012 among the world’s top 15 countries in terms of GDP (at current prices).
• India has the second fastest growing services sector with its CAGR at 9.0 per cent, just below China’s 10.9 per cent, during 2001 to 2012.
• In 2013-14, FDI inflows to the services sector (top five sectors including construction) declined sharply by 37.6 per cent to US$ 6.4 billion compared to an overall growth in FDI inflows at 6.1 per cent resulting in the share of the top five services in total FDI falling to nearly one-sixth.
• Major sector-wise performance of core industries and infrastructure services during 2013-14 shows a mixed trend. While the growth in production of power and fertilizers was comparatively higher than in 2012-13, coal, steel, cement, and refinery production posted comparatively lower growth. Crude oil and natural gas production declined during 2013-14.
• The performance of the coal sector in the first two years of the Twelfth Plan has been subdued with domestic production at 556 MT in 2012-13 and 566 MT in 2013-14.
• A total length of 21,787 km of national highways has been completed till March 2014 under various phases of the NHDP. In spite of several constraints due to the economic downturn, the NHAI constructed 2844 km length in 2012-13, its highest ever annual achievement. During 2013-14 a total of 1901 km of road construction was completed. 
• From the infrastructure development perspective, while important issues like delays in regulatory approvals, problems in land acquisition & rehabilitation, environmental clearances, etc. need immediate attention, time overruns in the implementation of projects continue to be one of the main reasons for underachievement in many of the infrastructure sectors.
• Human- induced Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are growing and are chiefly responsible for climate change.
• The world is not on track for limiting increase in global average temperature to below 2◦C, above pre-industrial levels. GHG emissions grew on average 2.2 per cent per year between 2000 and 2010, compared to 1.3 per cent per year between 1970 and 2000.
• There is immense pressure on governments to act through two new agreements on climate change and sustainable development, both of which will be global frameworks for action to be finalized next year.
• The cumulative costs of India’s low carbon strategies have been estimated at around USD 834 billion at 2011 prices, between 2010 and 2030.
• According to HDR 2013, India has slipped down in HDI with its overall global ranking at 136 (out of the 186 countries) as against 134 (out of 187 countries) as per HDR 2012. It is still in the medium human development category.
• The poverty ratio (based on the MPCE of 816 for rural areas and 1000 for urban areas in 2011-12 at all India level), has declined from 37.2 per cent in 2004-05 to 21.9 per cent in 2011-12.
• In absolute terms, the number of poor declined from 407.1 million in 2004-05 to 269.3 million in 2011-12 with an average annual decline of 2.2 percentage points during 2004-05 to 2011-12.
• During 2004-05 to 2011-12, employment growth [CAGR] was only 0.5 per cent, compared to 2.8 per cent during 1999-2000 to 2004-05 as per usual status.
Source: PIB

Wednesday, July 2, 2014

President of India

President

Shri Pranab Mukherjee
Shri Pranab Mukherjee assumed office as the 13th President of India on July 25, 2012, crowning a political career of over five decades of exemplary service to the nation in Government as well as Parliament.
Date of Birth: December 11, 1935
Educational Qualifications:
M.A. (History),
M.A. (Political Science),
LL.B., D. Litt. (Honoris Causa),
Educated at Vidyasagar College
Present Address:
Rashtrapati Bhavan,
New Delhi-110 004,
Tel. (011) 23015321
Contact Details:
The President's Secretariat
Rashtrapati Bhavan,
New Delhi,110 004.
Phone: 011-23015321
Fax : 011-23017290/011-23017824

Portfolios of the Union Council of Ministers



Portfolios of the Union Council of Ministers

Prime Minister

 Shri Narendra ModiPersonnel, Public Grievances and Pensions 
Department of Atomic Energy Department of Space
All important policy issues 
and all other portfolios not allocated to any Minister

Cabinet Ministers

1Shri Raj Nath SinghHome Affairs
2Smt. Sushma SwarajExternal Affairs
Overseas Indian Affairs
3Shri Arun JaitleyFinance
Corporate Affairs
Defence
4Shri M. Venkaiah NaiduUrban Development
Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
Parliamentary Affairs
5Shri Nitin Jairam GadkariRoad Transport and Highways
Shipping
Rural Development
Panchayati Raj
Drinking Water and Sanitation
6Shri D.V. Sadananda GowdaRailways
7Sushri Uma BharatiWater Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
8Dr. Najma A. HeptullaMinority Affairs
9Shri Ramvilas PaswanConsumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
10Shri Kalraj MishraMicro, Small and Medium Enterprises
11Smt. Maneka Sanjay GandhiWomen and Child Development
12Shri AnanthkumarChemicals and Fertilizers
13Shri Ravi Shankar PrasadCommunications and Information Technology 
Law and Justice
14Shri Ashok Gajapathi Raju PusapatiCivil Aviation
15Shri Anant GeeteHeavy Industries and Public Enterprises
16Smt. Harsimrat Kaur BadalFood Processing Industries
17Shri Narendra Singh TomarMines
Steel
Labour and Employment
18Shri Jual OramTribal Affairs
19Shri Radha Mohan SinghAgriculture
20Shri Thaawar Chand GehlotSocial Justice and Empowerment
21Smt. Smriti Zubin IraniHuman Resource Development
22Dr. Harsh VardhanHealth and Family Welfare

Ministers of State

1General V.K. SinghDevelopment of North Eastern Region (Independent Charge)
External Affairs
Overseas Indian Affairs
2Shri Inderjit Singh RaoPlanning (Independent Charge)
Statistics and Programme Implementation (Independent Charge)
Defence
3Shri Santosh Kumar GangwarTextiles (Independent Charge)
Parliamentary Affairs
Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
4Shri Shripad Yesso NaikCulture (Independent Charge)
Tourism (Independent Charge)
5Shri Dharmendra PradhanPetroleum and Natural Gas (Independent Charge)
6Shri Sarbananda SonowalSkill Development, Entrepreneurship, Youth Affairs and Sports (Independent Charge)
7Shri Prakash JavadekarInformation and Broadcasting (Independent Charge)
Environment, Forest and Climate Change (Independent Charge)
Parliamentary Affairs
8Shri Piyush GoyalPower (Independent Charge)
Coal (Independent Charge)
New and Renewable Energy (Independent Charge)
9Dr. Jitendra SinghScience and Technology (Independent Charge)
Earth Sciences (Independent Charge)
Prime Minister Office
Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions
Department of Atomic Energy
Department of Space
10Smt. Nirmala SitharamanCommerce and Industry (Independent Charge)
Finance
Corporate Affairs
11Shri G.M. SiddeshwaraCivil Aviation
12Shri Manoj SinhaRailways
13Shri NihalchandChemicals and Fertilizers
14Shri Upendra KushwahaRural Development
Panchayati Raj
Drinking Water and Sanitation
15Shri Radhakrishnan PHeavy Industries and Public Enterprises
16Shri Kiren RijijuHome Affairs
17Shri Krishan PalRoad Transport and Highways
Shipping
18Dr. Sanjeev Kumar BalyanAgriculture
Food Processing Industries
19Shri Mansukhbhai Dhanjibhai VasavaTribal Affairs
20Shri Raosaheb Dadarao DanveConsumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
21Shri Vishnu Deo SaiMines
Steel
Labour and Employment
22Shri Sudarshan BhagatSocial Justice and Empowerment